Mobilisation of a joint involves a controlled gliding movement at various joint positions to restore normal joint motion. These gliding motions help to break up restrictions in joint tissue and increase the range of movement available at the joint, which can serve to reduce pain and restore function.
Often, if the restriction in joint motion has been present for a length of time, a more forceful movement technique is necessary, called a manipulation.
A manipulation is a more rapid movement than a mobilisation and is effective on areas where the restriction in movement is extensive and more chronic.
Mobilisation and manipulation techniques for the foot and ankle can often serve as an important adjunct to other conservative treatment modalities for foot pain, such as orthoses.